Russian cases: Genitive Case

February 11, 2016 Oxana N

Genitive Case rule

The Genitive Case answers the questions Кого? Чего? and can be used to express

the absence of somebody or something:

У менЯ есть собАка. (I have a dog) —

У тебЯ нет собАки. (You don’t have a dog.)

нет + object in Genitive

The Genitive Case is used to express the absence of any ingredient.

У меня есть (I have got+ что? (What?)

(Nominative case)

Feminine form:

У менЯ есть вИза. (I have got a visa)

У нас есть семьЯ. (I have got a family)

У менЯ нет (I haven't got + чего?(Of what?)

(Genitive case)

У менЯ нет вИзы. (I don't have a visa)

У нас нет семьИ. (We don't have a family)

Masculine form:

Nominative case:

У тебЯ есть брат. (You have a brother).

У негО есть пАспорт. (He has a passport).

Genitive case:

У тебЯ нет брАта. (You don't have a brother).

У него/ у неё/ у них нет паспорта. (He/She/ doesn't (They don't) have a passport.)


In the picture:

САмая стрАшная рабОта - Это домохозЯйка.

The most terrible work is a housewife.

ЗарплАты нет!

There is no salary!

ВыходнЫх нет!

There are no weekends!

Отпуска нет!

There is no holiday!

РабОта не кончАется...

The work is not finishing...

А муж с гОрдостью говорИт:

But my husband proudly says:

" А моЯ женА не рабОтает, дОма сидИт!"

"And my wife doesn't work, she stays at home!"

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