March 26, 2021 Elpiniki K

Tips on academic and scientific writing. This was written by me with ''Biology Degree level essay writing'' in mind.

             HOW TO WRITE A GREAT ESSAY IN 10 STEPS by Elpi K. (PhD)

  • Read the essay prompt carefully. Many times!
  • What is the topic about?
  • What should be covered?
  • Dissect the general question to ‘’sub-questions’’.
  • Make yourself knowledgeable of the topic.
  • Read the ‘’recommended reading material’’.
  • Make a list of keywords about the topic.
  • Search extra references on Pubmed, Google Scholar with the help of the list of keywords you made. (This is what makes a 2.2-> 2.1 -> 1!)
  • Make an outline: What are you covering?
  • Why is the research on it important?
  • What has been done so far (drawbacks/advances)?
  • What is the original /recent research on the topic you are going to thoroughly discuss about? (this is also usually the main question of the prompt)
  • Here make sure you refer to the references/research in a chronological order. Don’t try to cover everything exhaustively on past research, only the main points. 2 paragraphs max.
  • Evidence based discussion of the main points/questions of the prompt.
  • Bring up all sides of research, conflicting results, drawbacks, pros and cons.
  • DO NOT offer your personal opinion.
  • DO NOT make your own assumptions/hypothesis.
  • Be careful of the language here, it has to be scientific (I will explain). 4-6 paragraphs.
  • Restate/ Summarise major points from the BODY.
  • Could include an opening sentence emerging from what was discussed in the introduction.
  • Restate concisely drawbacks if you must but end with future prospects. 1-2 paragraphs max.
  • List of References:
  • Include all from ‘’reading material’’ provided.
  • Include the extra you found and used.
  • Make sure you reference in the style assigned by the lecturer/your University.
  • ALL statements and research has to be referenced.
  • Make sure you have a lot of RECENT references.
  • Avoid distractions and try out the POMODORO technique (bursts of 25 minutes of writing and then breaks of 5-10 min).
  • Once you are done, take a long break, maybe even sleep overnight and check it/read it again next day.
  • Check you are within word limits {add (optional if all covered properly) or delete accordingly}.
  • Proofread and edit mistakes (spelling, grammar, syntax etc.)
  • Submit on time!
  • Be proud of yourself and have a pint! :)

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