May 01, 2020
It is the process by which a species become fitted to its environment, it is the result of natural selection acting upon heritable variation over several generations.
It is the genetic diversity of a population that enables Natural Selection to occur.
TYPES OF ADAPTATIONS
1. STRUCTURAL ADAPTATION -
It involves physical features of an organisms that helps it to strive and survive in its environment.
example- teeth, locomotion and body covering.
2. PROTECTIVE COLORATION- (CAMOUFLAGE)
It allows an animal to blend in its environment and makes it more difficult to be seen by enemies.
It is a method used by animals to physically appear and behave like another animal to fool predators into thinking it is poisonous or dangerous.
4. BEHAVIOURAL ADAPTATION-
Actions and behaviours of an animal that can be learned.
It involves group of animals moving to a new geographical area to another.
6. HIBERNATION - (WINTER SLEEP)
It is a state of dormacy or inactivity.
It protects the animals from cold and reduces the need for food during the season when the food is scarce.
7. AESTIVATION - (SUMMER SLEEP)
It is the prolonged dormancy of an insect or fish during a dry period.
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