ADAPTATIONS

May 01, 2020

ADAPTATIONS-

It is the process by which a species become fitted to its environment, it is the result of natural selection acting upon heritable variation over several generations.
It is the genetic diversity of a population that enables Natural Selection to occur.


      TYPES OF ADAPTATIONS

1. STRUCTURAL ADAPTATION

     It involves physical features of an organisms that helps it to strive and survive in its environment.

     example- teeth, locomotion and body covering.

2. PROTECTIVE COLORATION- (CAMOUFLAGE)

    It allows an animal to blend in its environment and makes it  more difficult to be seen by enemies.

3. MIMICRY-

     It is a method used by animals to physically appear and behave like another animal to fool predators into thinking it         is poisonous or dangerous.

4. BEHAVIOURAL ADAPTATION-

    Actions and behaviours of an animal that can be learned.

5.MIGRATION-

   It involves group of animals moving to a new geographical area to another.

6. HIBERNATION - (WINTER SLEEP)

    It is a state of dormacy or inactivity.

    It protects the animals from cold and reduces the need for food during the season when the food is scarce.

7. AESTIVATION - (SUMMER SLEEP)

    It is the prolonged dormancy of an insect or fish during a dry period.




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