Is your child struggling with phonics and reading?

September 25, 2018 Kristy E

Many children struggle to use phonic skills as part of learning to read. Here are some ideas for skills that can be worked on at home.

Many children struggle to use phonic skills as part of learning to read. Here are some ideas for skills that can be worked on at home.

Use multi-sensory approaches

Learn about letters and the sounds they make by using the different senses. For example, manipulate wooden or magnetic letters whilst saying the sounds, or tracing over letters in shaving foam.

Play memory games

Children with poor short term memory struggle to ‘hold’ a sequence of sounds in their mind in order to blend them. Play memory games that involve your child remembering and carrying out 2, 3 or 4 instructions in order.

Help develop phonological awareness skills

Students at risk for reading difficulty often have lower levels of phonological awareness. Phonological awareness is the ability to recognise and work with sounds in spoken language. Practise skills such as:

  • Rhyming- read books with rhymes, match pictures or symbols of words that rhyme, continue a rhyming string
  • Recognising syllables- clapping out or tapping the beats in spoken words e.g. win-dow
  • Recognising initial sounds of words- play games such as ‘eye spy’ or ‘Simon says’
  • Recognising final sound in words- name some objects and have your child tell you the final sound. Over-pronounce the sound if your child is having difficulties

Once a child's phonological skills are secure, they are then ready to move on to blending and segmenting (spelling).

Remember to make time for reading with your child. This can involve reading to your child, looking at pictures in a book, reading recipes, signs in a supermarket, bus stops, letters... Your child needs to see that reading is enjoyable and a part of everyday life.

I hope this helps. 


Have you thought about online lessons?

Online tuition gives you access to brilliant tutors across the country
Connect one-to-one with a tutor or share your lesson with a group for 50% of the tutor's hourly rate! Find a Tutor for One-to-One Find an Online Study Group

Want to know more?

Visit Kristy's profile to find out more and send a message.

Visit Kristy's Profile

Resources others found helpful

KS3 SAT Writing Test "Persuade & Argue"

An in-depth look at how to persuade and argue effectively, using the "AFOREST" list of …

learn more

Grammar videos

To develop a strong understanding of grammar

learn more

Exam Preparation

Getting ready for exams is about more than just being buried in books!

learn more

Biology Online Skeleton

This awesome online skeleton is perfect for revising the bones of the human body

learn more

Free resources, revision notes and past papers for students

Find revision guides, exam papers and sample essays amongst hundreds of free resources available to students.

Find resources any subjects

Maths resources | Science resources | Music resources | Spanish resources | English resources | French resources